folk rock


Bolan black and white
T.Rex live
T.Rex retro
T.Rex duo
T.Rex group black and white

Initially a British folk-rock combo called Tyrannosaurus Rex, T. Rex was the primary force in glam rock, thanks to the creative direction of guitarist/vocalist Marc Bolan (born Marc Feld). Bolan created a deliberately trashy form of rock & roll that was proud of its own disposability. T. Rex's music borrowed the underlying sexuality of early rock & roll, adding dirty, simple grooves and fat distorted guitars, as well as an overarching folky/hippie spirituality that always came through the clearest on ballads. While most of his peers concentrated on making cohesive albums, Bolan kept the idea of a three-minute pop single alive in the early '70s. It was a simpler time, before the music industry became obsessed with auto tuning and laptop deals with the latest music software.  But Bolan still managed to lay the groundwork for the kind of glam rock that would change modern music. In Britain, he became a superstar, sparking a period of "T. Rextacy" among the pop audience with a series of Top Ten hits, including four number one singles. Over in America, the group only had one major hit -- the Top Ten "Bang a Gong (Get It On)" -- before disappearing from the charts in 1973. T. Rex's popularity in the U.K. didn't begin to waver until 1975, yet they retained a devoted following until Marc Bolan's death in 1977. Over the next two decades, Bolan emerged as a cult figure and the music of T. Rex has proven quite influential on hard rock, punk, new wave, and alternative rock.

Following a career as a teenage model, Marc Bolan began performing music professionally in 1965, releasing his first single, "The Wizard," on Decca Records. Bolan joined the psychedelic folk-rock combo John's Children in 1967, appearing on three unsuccessful singles before the group disbanded later that year. Following the breakup, he formed the folk duo Tyrannosaurus Rex with percussionist Steve Peregrine Took. The duo landed a record deal with a subsidiary of EMI in February 1968, recording their debut album with producer Tony Visconti. "Debora," the group's first single, peaked at number 34 in May of that year, and their debut album, My People Were Fair and Had Sky in Their Hair...But Now They're Content to Wear Stars on Their Brow, reached number 15 shortly afterward. The duo released their second album, Prophets, Seers & Sages, the Angels of the Ages, in November of 1968.

By this time, Tyrannosaurus Rex was building a sizable underground following, which helped Bolan's book of poetry, - The Warlock of Love, enter the British best-seller charts. In the summer of 1969, the duo released their third album, Unicorn, as well as the single "King of the Rumbling Spires," the first Tyrannosaurus Rex song to feature an electric guitar. Following an unsuccessful American tour that fall, Took left the band and was replaced by Mickey Finn. The new duo's first single did not chart, yet their first album, 1970's A Beard of Stars, reached number 21.


The turning point in Bolan's career came in October of 1970, when he shortened the group's name to T. Rex and released "Ride a White Swan," a fuzz-drenched single driven by a rolling backbeat. "Ride a White Swan" became a major hit in the U.K., climbing all the way to number two. The band's next album, T. Rex, peaked at number 13 and stayed on the charts for six months. Encouraged by the results, Bolan expanded T. Rex to a full band, adding bassist Steve Currie and drummer Bill Legend (born Bill Fifield). The new lineup recorded "Hot Love," which spent six weeks at number one in early 1971. That summer, T. Rex released "Get It On" (retitled "Bang a Gong (Get It On)" in the U.S.), which became their second straight U.K. number one; the single would go on to be their biggest international hit, reaching number ten in the U.S. in 1972. Electric Warrior, the first album recorded by the full band, was released in the fall of 1971; it was number one for six weeks in Britain and cracked America's Top 40.

By now, "T. Rextacy" was in full swing in England, as the band had captured the imaginations of both teenagers and the media with its sequined, heavily made-up appearance; the image of Marc Bolan in a top hat, feather boa, and platform shoes, performing "Get It On" on the BBC became as famous as his music. At the beginning of 1972, T. Rex signed with EMI, setting up a distribution deal for Bolan's own T.Rex Wax Co. record label. "Telegram Sam," the group's first EMI single, became their third number one single.

"Metal Guru" also hit number one, spending four weeks at the top of the chart. The Slider, released in the summer of 1972, shot to number one upon its release, allegedly selling 100,000 copies in four days; the album was also T. Rex's most successful American release, reaching number 17. Appearing in the spring of 1973, Tanx was another Top Five hit for T. Rex; the singles "20th Century Boy" and "The Groover" soon followed it to the upper ranks of the charts. However, those singles would prove to be the band's last two Top Ten hits. In the summer of 1973, rhythm guitarist Jack Green joined the band, as did three backup vocalists, including the American soul singer Gloria Jones; Jones would soon become Bolan's girlfriend. At the beginning of 1974, drummer Bill Legend left the group and was replaced by Davy Lutton, as Jones became the group's keyboardist.

In early 1974, the single "Teenage Dream" was the first record to be released under the name Marc Bolan and T. Rex. The following album, Zinc Alloy and the Hidden Riders of Tomorrow, was the last Bolan recorded with Tony Visconti. Throughout the year, T. Rex's popularity rapidly declined -- by the time "Zip Gun Boogie" was released in November, it could only reach number 41. Finn and Green left the group at the end of the year, while keyboardist Dino Dins joined. The decline of T. Rex's popularity was confirmed when 1975's Bolan's Zip Gun failed to chart. Bolan took the rest of the year off, returning in the spring of 1976 with Futuristic Dragon, which peaked at number 50. Released in the summer of 1976, "I Love to Boogie," a disco-flavored three-chord thumper, became Bolan's last Top 20 hit.

Bolan released Dandy in the Underworld in the spring of 1977; it was a modest hit, peaking at number 26. While "The Soul of My Suit" reached number 42 on the charts, T. Rex's next two singles failed to chart. Sensing it was time for a change of direction, Bolan began expanding his horizons in August. In addition to contributing a weekly column for Record Mirror, he hosted his own variety television show, Marc. Featuring guest appearances by artists like David Bowie and Generation X, Marc helped restore Bolan's hip image. Signing with RCA Records, the guitarist formed a new band with bassist Herbie Flowers and drummer Tony Newman, yet he never was able to record with the group. While driving home from a London club with Bolan, Gloria Jones lost control of her car, smashing into a tree. Marc Bolan, riding in the passenger's seat of the car, was killed instantly.

While T. Rex's music was intended to be disposable, it has proven surprisingly influential over the years. Hard rock and heavy metal bands borrowed the group's image, as well as the pounding insistence of their guitars. Punk bands may have discarded the high heels, feather boas, and top hats, yet they adhered to the simple three-chord structures and pop aesthetics that made the band popular. ~  All Music Guide 

Members include Marc Bolan (born Mark Feld, (according to most sources] September 30, 1947, in London, England; married Gloria Jones [second wife; a singer]; died in an automobile accident, September 16, 1977), vocals, guitar; Steve Currie (bandmember c. 1971-72; died in 1981), bass; and Steve Peregrine Took (born July 28, 1949, in London; replaced by Micky Finn [born June 3, 1947], 1970; died in 1980), percussion.


As Tyrannosaurus Rex:

My People Were Fair and Had Sky in Their Hair... But Now They're Content to Wear Stars on Their Brows, Regal Zonophone, 1968.

Prophets, Seers & Sages: The Angels of the Ages, Regal Zonophone, 1968.

Unicorn, Regal Zonophone, 1969.

A Beard of Stars, Regal Zonophone, 1970.

As T. Rex:

T. Rex, Fly Records/Reprise, 1970.

Electric Warrior, Electric Warrior, 1971.

The Slider, EMI/Reprise, 1972.

Tanx, EMI/Reprise, 1973.

Zinc Alloy and the Hidden Riders of Tomorrow, EMI, 1974.

Light of Love, Casablanca, 1974.

Bolan's Zip Gun, EMI, 1975.

Futuristic Dragon, EMI, 1976.

Dandy in the Underworld, EMI, 1977.

This information is provided as a brief overview and not as a definitive guide, there are other sources on the net for that. If however you have a story or information that is not generally known we would love to hear from you.

Source: Stephen Thomas Erlewine

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Travelling Wilburys
Travelling Wilburys promo
Travelling Wilburys with guitars
Travelling Wilburys together

The Traveling Wilburys was not a carefully planned band, not formed from deep premeditation. Rather, the band was created in a casual blending of genuine friends one ordinary afternoon, which turned out to be anything but ordinary.

George Harrison needed a B-side song to accompany a European single release from his widely regarded Cloud Nine album. While in Los Angeles, George approached Jeff Lynne for help with the B-side, since he had co-produced the album. It happened that Jeff was working with Roy Orbison on the upcoming Mystery Girl album. Roy readily agreed to lend a hand in the musical effort. As fate would luckily dictate, George's guitar was at Tom Petty's house, and he too offered to join in and make some music. When the group showed up to record, Dylan also lent a hand to help complete the half-finished song George had written. George has often been quoted as saying, "And so everybody was there and I thought, I'm not gonna just sing it myself, I've got Roy Orbison standing there. I'm gonna write a bit for Roy to sing. And then, as it progressed, then I started doing the vocals and I just thought I might as well push it a bit and get Tom and Bob to sing the bridge." The final result was a song called "Handle With Care." George later said, "I liked the song and the way that it turned out with all these people on it so much that I just carried it around in my pocket for ages thinking, Well what can I do with this thing? And the only thing to do I could think of was do another nine. Make an album."

The album they created was called the Traveling Wilburys Volume 1 -- a playful nod to the reality that subsequent volumes were unlikely. Volume 1 was released in October 1988 preceded by the single "Handle With Care." The album achieved wide critical acclaim, and most critics agreed that the music was so extraordinary because of the modest ambitions of the band, which translated to a fresh and relaxing sound. Rolling Stone Magazine instantly called it one of the Top 100 Albums of all time. The album also saw commercial success; it reached #3 on the Album charts, garnered double-platinum status and earned the group a Grammy for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group.


In 1990, following the unexpected death of Roy Orbison in December 1988, the remaining members reconvened to record Traveling Wilburys Volume 3, dedicating the album to Lefty (Roy) Wilbury. With Harrison and Lynne producing again, both "She's My Baby" and "Wilbury Twist" became radio hits as the album reached #11 in the U.S. and achieved Platinum success.



Traveling Wilburys Vol. 1, Wilbury Records, 1988.
Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3, Wilbury Records, 1990.



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The Grass Roots promo
The Grass Roots promo
The Grass Roots field
The Grass Roots black and white

Rock band and AM Oldies’ radio favourite, The Grass Roots, have sold over 30 million albums worldwide and set a record for over 307 weeks of Billboard chart presence.

The band was primarily active during the years of 1966 through 1975. It has had many reincarnations with no less than 42 individual members credited to The Grass Roots’ line-ups.

The name “Grass Roots” originated as the brainchild of songwriting pair, P.F. Sloan and Steve Barri to capitalise on the rising folk rock movement. But it was the 1967, third generation line-up with vocalist, Rob Grill that actually yielded the first top ten hit.

Many more hits and radio airplay followed like that of Midnight Confessions, Sooner or Later and Let’s Live for Today.

From the 70s onward, The Grass Roots experienced limited success and the band officially disbanded in 1976.

In the 80s, Grill decided to reform the band and continues to be the front man for the group in the 21st century.


Where Were You When I Needed You, Dunhill, 1966.

Let's Live for Today, Dunhill, 1967.

Feelings, Dunhill, 1968.

Golden Grass, Dunhill, 1968.

Lovin' Things, Dunhill, 1969.

Leavin' It All Behind, Dunhill, 1969.

More Golden Grass, Dunhill, 1970.

Their 16 Greatest Hits, Dunhill, 1971.

Move Along, Dunhill, 1972.

Alotta' Mileage, Dunhill, 1973.

Self Titled, Haven, 1975.

The ABC Collection, ABC, 1976.

14 Greatest, Gusto, 1978.

Powers Of The Night, MCA, 1982.

Live At Last, RFG, 2000.

Symphonic Hits, Cleopatra, 2001.

Live Gold, RFG, 2008.

Source: Juanita Appleby

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Tina Turner
Tina Turner live
Tina Turner thighs
Tina Turner Pose

Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939) is a multi-platinum American rock/soul singer, songwriter, actress, and author. She is the most successful female rock artist of all time. She started her storied career by marrying Ike Turner to form The Ike & Tina Turner Revue in 1960. They had a string of hits like ‘Fool in Love’, ‘I Think It’s Gonna Work Out Fine', a cover of and the autobiographical “Nutbush City Limits”.

After her divorce from Ike Turner, who had been abusing her for years, she took on a solo career in the late 70’s. It wasn’t until 1983, with the release of a cover of Al Green’s Let’s Stay Together’, that she began to make one of the greatest comebacks in history of music.

Her fifth solo album ‘Private Dancer’ produced numerous hits and earned her four Grammy Awards. In 1985, she starred in “Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome” beside Mel Gibson and received a Grammy nomination for ‘We Don’t Need Another Hero’, a song from the film’s soundtrack. Next, Tina brought her story to the public through her best-selling biography “I, Tina”, written with Kurt Loder. She followed with the songs ‘Break Every Rule’ and ‘Foreign Affair’. Each album was followed by successful world tours. Tina Turner announced that she would be retiring after the ‘Foreign Affair’ Tour.


Ike and Tina Turner were inducted into the Rock N Roll Hall of Fame in 1991. That same year, she released her first greatest hits CD, ‘Simply The Best’, which went platinum. In 1993, her life story was made into a motion picture, “What’s Love Got To Do with It".

Tina Turner came out of retirement to make her first original album in 1995 after the success of her song ‘Goldeneye’ from the James Bond film of the same name. She released ‘Wildest Dreams’ in 1996.

In 1999, Tina Turner turned 60 and released the album ‘Twenty Four Seven’, with a world tour following. In 2004, she released ‘All the Best’, her second greatest hits CD, in Europe.

In December of 2005 Tina Turner was honored with the prestigious Kennedy Award for her achievements in her musical career. In 2006, Tina Turner and singer Elisa released the song ‘Teach Me Again’, which was for the movie “All the Invisible Children”.

Tina currently resides in Switzerland and France with her longtime companion, Erwin Bach. More information can be found at her official site,


Born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939, in, Brownsville, TN; daughter of Floyd Richard (resident overseer) and Zelma Currie Bullock (beautician); married Ike Turner (divorced, 1976); children: Craig (previous relationship); Ron (with Turner); two stepsons. Romantically involved with Erwin Bach, 1986–.
Sang with Ike Turner's Kings of Rhythm and the Ike & Tina Turner Revue, 1956-76; solo performer 1976–. Hit recordings include "A Fool in Love," "Proud Mary," "Nutbush City Limits" and "What's Love Got to Do With It." Solo albums include Private Dancer, 1984; Break Every Rule, 1986; What's Love Got to Do With It, 1996; Wildest Dreams, 1996; Twenty-Four-Seven, 2000. Appeared in films Tommy, 1975, Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome, 1985; What's Love Got to Do With It, 1993. Participated in relief concert Live Aid, 1984, and charity recording "We Are the World," 1985. Author of autobiography I, Tina, 1986.
Awards: Grammy Awards, (with Ike Turner) Best R&B Vocal Performance By A Group, 1971; Best Rock Vocal Performance (Female), Best Pop Vocal Performance (Female), Record of the Year, 1984; Best Rock Vocal Performance (Female), 1985; Best Rock Vocal Performance (Female), 1986; Best Rock Vocal Performance (Female), 1988; American Music Awards, Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist, Favorite Soul/R&B Female Video Artist, 1985; (with Ike Turner) inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1991; Essence Award, 1993.
Addresses: Website—Tina Turner Official Website:

Albums: Solo albums

The Country of Tina Turner, United Artists, 1973.
Acid Queen, Razor & Tie, 1975.
Love Explosion, United Artists, 1977.
Rough, United Artists, 1978.
Private Dancer, Capitol, 1984.
Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome, Capitol, 1985.
Break Every Rule, Capitol, 1986.
Tina Live in Europe, Capitol, 1988.
Foreign Affair, Capitol, 1989.
Simply The Best, Capitol, 1991.
Wildest Dreams, Virgin, 1996.
Twenty Four Seven, Virgin/Parlophone, 2000.
All The Best (2-CD "best of"), Capitol, 2005.


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The Band
The Band live
The Band  in the field
The Band playing
The Band Group picture

The Band was an influential Canadian-American rock and roll group of the 1960s and ’70s, formed in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Band included Robbie Robertson (guitar, piano), Richard Manuel (piano, harmonica, drums, saxophone, organ), Garth Hudson (organ, piano, clavinet, accordion, synthesizer, saxophone), Rick Danko (bass guitar, violin, trombone), and Levon Helm (drums, mandolin, guitar, bass guitar).

The members of The Band first worked together as The Hawks, the backing band of rockabilly singer Ronnie Hawkins from 1959 until 1963. Afterwards, Bob Dylan recruited the quintet for his history-making 1965/1966 world tour and they joined him on the informal recordings that became the acclaimed ‘Basement Tapes’.

Labelled “The Band” by their peers, the group left their communal home in Saugerties, NY to begin recording as a group unto themselves. The Band recorded two of the most important albums of the late 1960s: their 1968 debut ‘Music from Big Pink’ and 1969’s ‘The Band’. Throughout their career they would re-popularize traditional American musical forms during the psychedelic era. The Band dissolved in 1976, with Martin Scorcese’s landmark concert film “The Last Waltz” documented their final performance. They reformed in 1983 without founding guitarist and main songwriter Robbie Robertson.

The Band have since been inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Group included Rick Danko (born December 9,1943, in Simcoe, Ontario, Canada), bass and vocals; Levon Helm (born May 26,1942, in Marvell, Arkansas), drums, mandolin, and vocals; Garth Hudson (born August 2, c. 1943, in London, Ontario), organ and saxophone; Richard Manuel (born April 3,1945, in Stratford, Ontario; died of apparent suicide by hanging, March 6, 1986, in Winter Park, FL), piano and vocals; and Jaime (some sources say James) Robbie Robertson (born July 5,1944, in Toronto, Ontario) guitar and vocals.

Group formed as backing ensemble for singer Ronnie Hawkins; by 1963, had left Hawkins and become known as Levon and the Hawks, performing variously as the Crackers and the Canadian Squires; recorded with folk/blues singer John Hammond, Jr., New York City, 1964; supported Bob Dylan on tour, 1965-66, 1974; signed with Capitol Records, and released first album, Music From Big Pink, 1968; ended career with five-hour performance at the Winterland, San Francisco, Thanksgiving Day, 1976, excerpts of which, titled The Last Waltz, were later released as an album and film; regrouped to perform with Dylan at Absolutely Unofficial Bluejeans Bash honoring the inauguration of President Bill Clinton, 1993.

The Band's first album was appropriately titled Music From Big Pink. It included cover versions of three previously unreleased Dylan compositions, "I Shall Be Released," "This Wheel's on Fire," co-written with Danko, and "Tears of Rage" co-written with Manuel. Most of the other songs on the album were penned by Robertson or Manuel. According to the Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock and Roll, "[Music From Big Pink] was a revolutionary album in many ways: The emphasis was on ensemble work rather than on the soloing that had previously dominated rock; the melodies, few of them blues based, were delivered by an ensemble that was almost orchestral in scope, yet comprised of only five musicians; the lyrics were elusive, like Dylan's, but with a distinctive and compelling cast. Enigmatic? You bet." In addition to recording songs for their first album, the Band had also backed Dylan in the studio on some of his compositions, which were released in 1975 on the two-album set The Basement Tapes.


Music From Big Pink, 1968.

The Band (includes "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down"), 1969.

Stage Fright, 1970. Cahoots, 1971.

Rock of Ages, 1972.

Moondog Matinee, 1973.

(With Bob Dylan) Before the Flood, Asylum, 1974.

(With Dylan) The Basement Tapes, Columbia, 1975.

Northern Lights-Southern Cross, 1975.

The Best of the Band, 1976.

Islands, 1977.

The Last Waltz, Warner Bros., 1978.

Anthology, 1978.

Jericho, Rhino, 1993.

Live at Watkins Glen, Capitol, 1995.

High on the Hog, Rhino, 1996.

Jubilation, River North Records, 1998.

Source: David Bianco 

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Wilco group

Wilco rose from the ashes of the seminal roots rockers Uncle Tupelo, who disbanded in 1994. While Jay Farrar, one of the group's two singer/songwriters, went on to form the band Son Volt, his ex-partner Jeff Tweedy established Wilco along with the remaining members of Tupelo's final incarnation, which included drummer Ken Coomer as well as part-time bandmates John Stirratt (bass) and Max Johnston (mandolin, banjo, fiddle, and lap steel). Guitarist Jay Bennett rounded out the group, which in 1995 issued their debut album, A.M., a collection of spry country-rock tunes that followed the course established in Tweedy's earlier work.

Wilco's sophomore effort, 1996's two-disc set Being There, marked a radical transformation in the group's sound; while remaining steeped in the style that earned Tweedy his reputation, the songs took unexpected detours into psychedelia, power pop, and soul, complete with orchestral touches and R&B horn flourishes. Shortly after the release of Being There, which most critics judged to be among the year's best releases, Johnston left the group to play with his sister, singer Michelle Shocked, and was replaced by guitarist Bob Egan of the band Freakwater. At the same time, while remaining full-time members of Wilco, Stirratt, Bennett, and Coomer also began performing together in the pop side project Courtesy Move. In 1998, Wilco collaborated with singer/songwriter Billy Bragg on Mermaid Avenue, a collection of performances based on unreleased material originally written by Woody Guthrie.

Their stunningly lush third album, Summerteeth, followed in 1999 and met with critical acclaim but only average sales, initiating tensions with their label, Warner Bros. 2000 saw the release of Mermaid Avenue, Vol. 2, which featured more selections from the band's collaborations with Bragg on Woody Guthrie's unfinished songs. Following this release, longtime drummer Ken Coomer decided to amicably leave the band and was replaced by the Chicago-based Glenn Kotche. The band then focused on recording their fourth album, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, which ultimately led to the departure of guitarist Jay Bennett, and further tensions with their label. Unwilling to change the album to make it more "commercially viable," Wilco bought the finished studio tapes from Warner/Reprise for a reported $50,000 and left the label altogether. Leaked tracks from the album surfaced on the Internet in late 2001, and the stripped-down lineup of Tweedy, Kotche, Stirratt, and multi-instrumentalist Leroy Bach embarked on a small tour to support -- or drum up support for -- their unreleased album. Nonesuch Records picked up the album and the official release came out in early 2002 to widespread critical acclaim. Meanwhile, an independent film documenting the drama surrounding the album entitled I Am Trying to Break Your Heart followed in the fall of 2002. During the down time after the album was recorded, Tweedy composed and recorded the film score to the Ethan Hawke film Chelsea Walls, which ended up being released around the same time as Yankee Hotel Foxtrot.


Wilco toured extensively following the release of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, and in 2003 began work on their next album, A Ghost Is Born. While sessions went smoothly compared to Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, after the album was finished Leroy Bach left the band in a split that was described as mutual and amicable; guitarist Nels Cline, keyboardist Mike Jorgensen, and multi-instrumentalist Pat Sansone joined Wilco for their subsequent tour. Shortly before the album's release, Tweedy surprised many fans by announcing he had entered a drug rehabilitation facility to treat a dependency on painkillers, prescribed to treat a long history of migraine headaches aggravated by panic disorder. Tweedy discussed his health problems in depth, along with the often tangled history of Wilco and Uncle Tupelo, in -Wilco: Learning How to Die, a biography of the group written by rock journalist Greg Kot, published to coincide with A Ghost Is Born's release in the spring of 2004. The following year, the group released Kicking Television: Live in Chicago, a 23-track collection recorded in the Windy City's Vic Theatre, an album that was later deemed one of the Top 20 best live albums by Q Magazine.  


Members include Leroy Bach (group member, 1999-2004), keyboards; Jay Bennett (group member, 1995-2002), guitar; Ken Coomer (left band, 2000), drums; Bob Egan (group member, 1996-99), guitar, fiddle; Max Johnston (left band, 1996), guitar, vocals, fiddle, mandolin, banjo; Mikal Jorgensen (joined group, 2003), keyboards; Glenn Kotche (joined group, 2000), drums; John Stirratt, bass; Jeff Tweedy (born on August 25, 1967, in Belleville, IL; married; children: one son, born c. 1996) guitar, vocals.
Group formed in St. Louis, MO, started touring through out the Midwest, 1994; toured with H.O.R.D.E., released debut album A.M., 1995; released Being There, 1996; released Mermaid Avenue with Billy Bragg; released Summer Teeth, toured worldwide with R.E.M., 1999; released Mermaid Avenue Vol. II with Billy Bragg, 2000; released Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, 2002; released A Ghost is Born, 2004.
Addresses: Record company—Nonesuch Records, 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10104, website: Website—Wilco Official Website:




A.M., Reprise Records, 1995.
Being There, Reprise, 1996.
Summerteeth, Reprise, 1999.
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, Nonesuch, 2002.
A Ghost Is Born, Nonesuch, 2004.
Kicking Television: Live in Chicago, Nonesuch, 2005.
Sky Blue Sky, Nonesuch, 2007.
Wilco, Nonesuch, 2009.


Sources: Laura Hightower and Steve Knopper,

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The Lovin Spoonful
The Lovin Spoonful awards
The Lovin Spoonful live
The Lovin Spoonful promo

The Lovin’ Spoonful are an American ‘60s band who were recently inducted into the prestigious Rock n Roll Hall of Fame. With both feet in the folk music scene in the Greenwich Village area of New York, in the early 60’s, the band were singer John Sebastian, drummer-vocalist Joe Butler and bassist Steve Boone.

They played to local coffee houses and small clubs and mostly wrote their own material, aside from a few covers.

After success with tracks such as: 'Do You Believe In Magic', 'You Didn’t Have To Be So Nice', 'Summer In the City' and 'Daydream' (the latter two reaching No.1 and No.2 respectively in the Billboard Hot 100), members of the band dubbed their sound 'Good Time Music'.

Integral to the soundtrack of the Summer Of Love in 1966, The Lovin’ Spoonful’s music was featured in the Woody Allen movie 'What’s Up, Tiger Lily?', while Butler appeared in the Broadway show 'Hair'.

After a drugs bust in San Fransisco, Yanosky left the band with Jerry Yester as the replacement - resulting in a poppier sound.

Sebastian went solo in 1968, this signalled the beginning of the end of the band and less than a year later, The Lovin’ Spoonful split up after releasing the album 'Revolution ‘69'.


The rest of the group reunited briefly for the Paul Simon film: 'One Trick Pony' in 1981.

In 1995, the song: 'Summer In The City' was used as the music for the opening credits of blockbuster movie Die Hard: With A Vengeance.

Yanosky died in 2002, and while Sebastian refuses to this day to re-join the band, Boone, Butler, and Yester, are still touring under the same group name (plus two additional members).

This decade they have played to 150 different cities during their comeback.

Members include Steve Boone, bass; Joe Butler, drums; John Sebastian (left group, 1968), guitar, vocals, songwriting; Zal Yanovsky (left group, 1967), guitar, vocals; Jerry Yester (joined group, 1967).
Began as a Greenwich Village, New York, coffeehouse band, mid-1960s; vied with the Beatles and the Rolling Stones on top-ten lists by 1965; group's heyday ended after almost one dozen top-ten hits, 1967; continued releasing albums after personnel changes, though not with the same level of success, 1970s.
Induction, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 2000.
Record company—Varèse Sarabande Records, 11846 Ventura Blvd., Suite 130, Studio City, CA 91604, phone: (800) 827-3734 or (818) 753-4143, website:


Do You Believe in Magic, Kama Sutra, 1965.
Daydream, One Way, 1966.
Did You Ever, Kama Sutra, 1966.
Hums, Pair, 1966.
What's Up, Tiger Lily?, Kama Sutra, 1966.
Day Blues, Kama Sutra, 1967.
Loving You, Kama Sutra, 1967.
Nashville Cats, Kama Sutra, 1967.
Something in the Night, Kama Sutra, 1967.
You're a Big Boy Now, Kama Sutra, 1967.
Everything Playing, Kama Sutra, 1968.
Revelation Revolution '69, Kama Sutra, 1968.
So Nice, 51 West, 1979.
In the Movies, Sequel, 1991.
The Lovin' Spoonful, Buddah, 1995.
Live at the Hotel Seville, Varèse, 1999.


Sources: Wendy Gabriel, Michael Belfiore

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ABBA Reunion
ABBA in Blue and Red
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The most commercially successful pop group of the 1970s, the origins of the Swedish superstars ABBA dated back to 1966, when keyboardist and vocalist Benny Andersson, a onetime member of the popular beat outfit the Hep Stars, first teamed with guitarist and vocalist Bjorn Ulvaeus, the leader of the folk-rock unit the Hootenanny Singers. The two performers began composing songs together and handling session and production work for Polar Music/Union Songs, a publishing company owned by Stig Anderson, himself a prolific songwriter throughout the 1950s and 1960s. At the same time, both Andersson and Ulvaeus worked on projects with their respective girlfriends: Ulvaeus had become involved with vocalist Agnetha Faltskog, a performer with a recent number one Swedish hit, "I Was So in Love," under her belt, while Andersson began seeing Anni-Frid Lyngstad, a one-time jazz singer who rose to fame by winning a national talent contest.

In 1971, Faltskog ventured into theatrical work, accepting the role of Mary Magdalene in a production of Andrew Lloyd Webber's Jesus Christ Superstar; her cover of the musical's "Don't Know How to Love Him" became a significant hit. The following year, the duo of Andersson and Ulvaeus scored a massive international hit with "People Need Love," which featured Faltskog and Lyngstad on backing vocals. The record's success earned them an invitation to enter the Swedish leg of the 1973 Eurovision song contest, where, under the unwieldy name of Bjorn, Benny, Agnetha & Frida, they submitted "Ring Ring," which proved extremely popular with audiences but placed only third in the judges' ballots.


The next year, rechristened ABBA (a suggestion from Stig Anderson and an acronym of the members' first names), the quartet submitted the single "Waterloo," and became the first Swedish act to win the Eurovision competition. The record proved to be the first of many international hits, although the group hit a slump after their initial success as subsequent singles failed to chart. In 1975, however, ABBA issued "S.O.S.," a smash not only in America and Britain but also in non-English speaking countries such as Spain, Germany and the Benelux nations, where the group's success was fairly unprecedented. A string of hits followed, including "Mamma Mia," "Fernando," and "Dancing Queen" (ABBA's sole U.S. chart-topper), further honing their lush, buoyant sound; by the spring of 1976, they were already in position to issue their first Greatest Hits collection.

ABBA's popularity continued in 1977, when both "Knowing Me, Knowing You" and "The Name of the Game" dominated airwaves. The group also starred in the feature film ABBA - The Movie, which was released in 1978. That year Andersson and Lyngstad married, as had Ulvaeus and Faltskog in 1971, although the latter couple separated a few months later; in fact, romantic suffering was the subject of many songs on the quartet's next LP, 1979's Voulez-Vous. Shortly after the release of 1980s Super Trouper, Andersson and Lyngstad divorced as well, further straining the group dynamic; The Visitors, issued the following year, was the final LP of new ABBA material, and the foursome officially disbanded after the December 1982 release of their single "Under Attack."


Although all of the group's members soon embarked on new projects - both Lyngstad and Faltskog issued solo LPs, while Andersson and Ulvaeus collaborated with Tim Rice on the musical 'Chess' none proved as successful as the group's earlier work, largely because throughout much of the world, especially Europe and Australia, the ABBA phenomenon never went away. Repackaged hits compilations and live collections continued hitting the charts long after the group's demise, and new artists regularly pointed to the quartet's inspiration: while the British dance duo Erasure released a covers collection, ABBA-esque, an Australian group called Bjorn Again found success as ABBA impersonators. In 1993, "Dancing Queen" became a staple of U2's "Zoo TV" tour -- Andersson and Ulvaeus even joined the Irish superstars on-stage in Stockholm -- while the 1995 feature Muriel's Wedding, which won acclaim for its depiction of a lonely Australian girl who seeks refuge in ABBA's music, helped bring the group's work to the attention of a new generation of moviegoers and music fans.

Source: eNotes

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The Byrds on a tree
The Byrds on stage
The Byrds black and white

The Byrds were an American rock and roll band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1964. The Byrds underwent a number of line-up changes, with lead singer, Roger McGuinn remaining the sole consistent member until the group's disbandment in 1973.

McGuinn had been playing Beatles songs acoustically in Los Angeles folk clubs when Gene Clark (who later became The Byrds’ guitarist) approached him to form a duo. Soon after, David Crosby (who also became a Byrds’ guitarist) joined them to form a group named The Jet Set. The Jet Set soon expanded their ranks to include drummer Michael Clarke and mandolin-player-turned-bassist Chris Hillman. The band released a single on Elektra Records in October 1964 entitled "Please Let Me Love You". It was after an audition for Columbia records that the band was renamed, from ‘The Beefeaters’ to ‘The Byrds.


The Byrds went through a journey of musical genres, adopting a somewhat psychedelic influence after their first successful year of producing the standard folk rock sound, which gave them hits such as “Mr. Tambourine Man,” and “Turn! Turn! Turn!” The psychedelic age saw the groundbreaking lead guitar work of McGuinn replicate the free style poetic jazz melodies of the great saxophonist, John Coltrane. Tracks such as ‘Why?’ also showed Indian Raga influence, which helped expand The Byrds’ fused genre repertoire. After the band played at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, the genre of country rock was adopted till the end of the bands’ fame. The band had undergone some personnel changes with Gene Clarke and David Crosby being replaced by session musicians.

The Byrds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991 where the original lineup of Gene Clark, Michael Clarke, David Crosby, Chris Hillman and Roger McGuinn was honored at this induction. Gene Clark died later that year, and two years later Michael Clarke succumbed to liver disease caused by alcoholism. More recently, in 2004 Rolling Stone Magazine ranked them #45 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Though both Hillman and Crosby have expressed an interest in working with McGuinn again on future Byrds projects, no such reunion has occurred and all three have successful individual careers.

Original members included Gene Clark (born November 17, 1941, in Tipton, MO; died May 24, 1991, in Los Angeles, CA; left group, 1966), vocals; Michael Clarke (born June 3, 1944, in New York, NY; left group, 1968), drums; David Crosby (born August 14, 1941, in Los Angeles; left group, 1967), guitar; Chris Hillman (born December 4, 1942, in Los Angeles; left group, 1968), bass; and Roger McGuinn (born Jim McGuinn, July 13, 1942, in Chicago, IL, [changed name, 19681), guitar.

Later members included Skip Battin (born February 2, 1934, in Gallipolis, OH; joined group, 1969), bass; John Guerin (joined group, 1972), drums; Kevin Kelly (born in 1945 in California; joined group, 1968), drums; Gene Parsons (born in 1944 in Los Angeles), drums; Gram Parsons (born Cecil Connor, November 5, 1946, in Winter Haven, FL [changed name, c. I960); died September 19, 1973, in Joshua Tree, CA; joined and left group, 1968), guitar; Clarence White (born June 6, 1944, in Lewiston, ME; died July 14, 1973), guitar; and John York (left group, 1969) bass.

Group formed in 1964 in Los Angeles; originally named the Jet Set; signed with Elektra Records, released first single as the Beefeaters; signed with Columbia Records, released "Mr. Tambourine Man," 1965; released three LPs; released several LPs with various lineups, 1967-73; group disbanded, 1973; original members reunited to make one album, The Byrds, Asylum, 1973.


Mr. Tambourine Man, Columbia, 1965.

Turn! Turn! Turn!, Columbia, 1966.

Fifth Dimension (includes "Eight Miles High"), Columbia, 1966.

Younger Than Yesterday (includes "So You Want to Be a Rock 'n' Roll Star" and "My Back Pages)," Columbia, 1967.

The Byrds Greatest Hits, Columbia, 1967.

The Notorious Byrd Brothers, Columbia, 1968.

Sweetheart of the Rodeo, Columbia, 1968.

Dr. Byrds and Mrs. Hyde, Columbia, 1969.

Preflyte, Together, 1969.

(Untitled), Columbia, 1970.

Farther Along, Columbia, 1971.

Byrdmaniax, Columbia, 1971.

The Best of the Byrds: Greatest Hits Volume II, Columbia, 1972.

The Byrds, Asylum, 1973.

Never Before, Murray Hill, 1988.

Sources: Mathew Jones; Tim Connor

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The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground promo
The Velvet Underground posing
The Velvet Underground  black and white

The influence of the Velvet Underground on rock greatly exceeds their sales figures and chart numbers. They are one of the most important rock and roll bands of all time, laying the groundwork in the Sixties for many tangents rock music would take in ensuing decades. Yet just two of their four original studio albums ever even made Billboard’s Top 200, and that pair – The Velvet Underground and Nico (#171) and White Light/White Heat (#199) – only barely did so. If ever a band was “ahead of its time,” it was the Velvet Underground. Brian Eno, cofounder of Roxy Music and producer of U2 and others, put it best when he said that although the Velvet Underground didn’t sell many albums, everyone who bought one went on to form a band. The New York Dolls, Patti Smith, the Sex Pistols, Talking Heads, U2, R.E.M., Roxy Music and Sonic Youth have all cited the Velvet Underground as a major influence.

The Velvets’ addressed such taboo subjects as sexual deviancy (“Venus in Furs”), drug addiction (“Heroin,” “White Light/White Heat”), paranoia (“Sunday Morning”) and the urban demimonde (“All Tomorrow’s Parties”). In so doing, they brought rock and roll into theretofore unexplored experiential realms with a literary and unabashedly adult voice. Musically, the group ranged from droning, avant-garde improvisations (“Sister Ray”) to songs built upon time-tested rock and R&B foundations (“I’m Waiting for the Man”). The Velvet Underground managed to be both arty and earthy, reflecting the duality within the college-educated but streetwise Lou Reed, who wrote most of the material.


The group—vocalist/guitarist Reed, keyboardist and viola player John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, and drummer Maureen “Moe” Tucker - played their first show together in 1965. The following year they were taken under the wing of artist Andy Warhol, who saw them perform at Cafe Bizarre in Greenwich Village. The Velvets soon became the house band at Warhol’s studio, the Factory, and the centerpiece of his multimedia extravaganza, the “Exploding Plastic Inevitable.” Their debut album, The Velvet Underground and Nico, featured a classic Warhol-designed pop-art jacket that depicted a big yellow banana. Inside were 11 songs that radically revised the rock and roll sensibility - especially two songs about drug addiction, one despondent and sobering (“Heroin”) and another a ribald slice of Harlem street life (“I’m Waiting for the Man”). Several songs, notably “Femme Fatale” and “All Tomorrow’s Parties,” featured the heavily accented vocals of cool German chanteuse Nico.


The Velvet Underground’s second album, White Light/White Heat was more sonically radical. Filled with leakage and distortion, its chaotic centerpiece was the 17-minute “Sister Ray.” The group’s self-titled third album was, by comparison, quiet and introspective, defined more by cautious optimism (“Beginning to See the Light”) and soul-searching (“Jesus”). By then, John Cale had left at the insistence of Reed, with whom he clashed, and was replaced by Doug Yule. Between the releases of The Velvet Underground and Loaded – officially, their fourth album – the group recorded enough unreleased material to fill two albums. Indeed, two albums of archival unearthings from 1969 were issued in the mid-Eighties as VU and Another View.

When Loaded appeared in late 1970, only Reed and Morrison remained from the original lineup. The group had switched record labels, from MGM/Verve to Atlantic/Cotillion, and adapted a more pop-oriented approach. Loaded contained some of Lou Reed’s most accessible compositions, many of them sung by the pop-voiced Doug Yule. Yet though Reed felt the album was “loaded” with hits, it was their second in a row not to chart at all. That seems inconceivable today, given its high quality and enduring influence. The album’s ten tracks were hooky and melodic, yet informed by Reed’s literary intellect, and two of them – “Sweet Jane” and “Rock and Roll” – have become acknowledged classics. Of Loaded’s anthem to the power of popular music, Reed explained, “’Rock and Roll’ is about me. If I hadn’t heard rock and roll on the radio, I would have had no idea there was life on this planet.”

Prior to the release of Loaded, Reed left the Velvet Underground to embark on a solo career. And though a Yule-led Velvet Underground briefly kept the name alive, that was essentially the end of the story: four brilliant albums that formed a blueprint for the next three decades of rock and roll. The founding members reunited in 1993 for a brief European tour; it had been 25 years since they’d shared a stage. A double-disc documentary, Live MCMXCIII, appeared later that year. There was talk of a new studio album, but the reunion turned out to be short-lived. A new wave of interest in the Velvet Underground was stirred by the 1995 release of Peel Slowly & See, a five-CD box set that included their first four albums and numerous rarities. At their 1996 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Velvet Underground sang a new song, “Last Night I Said Goodbye to My Friend,” a tribute to guitarist Sterling Morrison, who’d died of cancer the previous year.

Members included John Cale (born December 5,1940, in Crynant, Wales; bass, viola, guitar, and vocals; left group in 1967, was replaced on base by Doug Yule, 1968), Sterling Morrison (born Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr., August 29, 1942, in East Meadow, NY; guitar and vocals), Nico (born Christa Paffgen, [most sources say] March 15, 1943, in Budapest, Hungary [one source says Cologne, Germany]; left group in 1966; died in 1988; vocals), Lou Reed (born Louis Firbank, March 2, 1942 [one source says 1944], in Freeport, NY [one sources says Brooklyn, NY]; vocals, guitar, and piano; left group in 1970), and Moe Tucker (born Maureen Tucker, c. 1945, in New Jersey; drums and vocals).

Group formed in 1965; played gigs in New York City; appeared in Pop artist Andy Warhol's film The Velvet Underground and Nico: A Symphony of Sound, 1966; toured with Warhol's multi-media show The Exploding Plastic Inevitable; signed with MGM/Verve and released first album, The Velvet Underground & Nico, 1966; left MGM and signed with Atlantic, released final studio album, Loaded, and disbanded, 1970.




The Velvet Underground & Nico, Polydor, 1967.
White Light/White Heat, Verve, 1968.
The Velvet Underground, Verve, 1969.
Loaded, Atlantic, 1960.
Squeeze, Polydor, 1973.

Source: Simon Glickman


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